Interfacing with a PDP-11/05: Sorting the wires

Parent Category: How-to's Category: Interfacing with a PDP-11/05 Written by Administrator

Signal routing for the serial interface inside the PDP-11/05 case

As an experienced DEC hobbyist, you will expect a 40 pin BERG connector to plug the standard serial cable KL8E in.

The KL8E cable is used on PDP-8's and 11's as a link between on board logic and 20mA / RS232 interface plugs. It comes in many length and adapter styles, and carries a lot of serial signals.  See two examples:

Intern 1' KL8E cable with
20mA MATE-N-LOCK connector

Extern 5' KL8E cable with
DSUB25 male connector carrying
RS232 and modem signals

kl8e cable nmatelock kl8e cable dsub25

 

So you quickly register that the Datapath M7260 indeed contains a 40 pin BERG connector in the near of the UART.

But don't waste time: this is the interface to the blinkenlight console. There is NO connector for the serial interface, the serial signals are routed over the edge connector of M7260 onto the backplane.

The further signal routing depends on the exact 11/05 model:

 

 

The SCL connector of the slim PDP-11/05

The 40 pin male BERG connector on the backside is called "SCL connector", "SCL" standing for "Serial Communication Line"

In the "PDP-11/05, 11/10 Computer Manual" (Jan 1973, DEC-11-H05AA-A-D) on bitsavers.org it is barely visible due to contrast problems in the scan.
And on a real machine you would not expect an unsecured BERG connector on the outside of a BA case carrying the serial signals, so here is the location in detail:


The pinout for the SCL connector is documented in manual "DEC-11-H05AA-A-D" in Appendix C "Computer Connectors".

Documentation for the SCL connector is very confusing:

I got half crazy until I made this conversion chart between DEC pin labels and flat cable wire numbers ... it should be pinned onto every PDP-11 !

01
A
03
C
05
E
07
H
09
K
11
M
13
P
15
S
17
U
19
W
21
Y
23
AA
25
CC
27
EE
29
HH
31
KK
33
MM
35
PP
37
SS
39
UU
B
02
D
04
F
06
J
08
L
10
N
12
R
14
T
16
V
18
X
20
Z
22
BB
24
DD
26
FF
28
JJ
30
LL
32
NN
34
RR
36
TT
38
VV
40

And since the SCL is mounted up side down, the same again rotated by 180°:

40
VV
38
TT
36
RR
34
NN
32
LL
30
JJ
28
FF
26
DD
24
BB
22
Z
20
X
18
V
16
T
14
R
12
N
10
L
08
J
06
F
04
D
02
B
UU
39
SS
37
PP
35
MM
33
KK
31
HH
29
EE
27
CC
25
AA
23
Y
21
W
19
U
17
S
15
P
13
M
11
K
09
H
07
E
05
C
03
A
01

The big signal conversion table 

So getting from a documented SCL connector pin to a 40 pin flat cable number involves looking up the rotated DEC label of the wire and then converting it to a normal number ... it is a bit like deciphering a cryptographic code.

This is the final translation table. It includes also the connectors of the RS232-to-TTL level converter and the MATE-N-LOCK connector for 20mA TTYs.

Of course you should not trust me: check this table again and again!

PDP-11/05 Signal SCL
connector
KL8E
cable
= M9970
40 pin
flat cable
wire #
 RS232
level converter
TTL side
RS232
DSUB 9
female
20mA
MATE-N-LOCK
-15V BB U  17
SERIAL OUT+ (20mA) V AA  23 5
CLK IN (TTL) T CC  25
SERIAL IN- (20mA) DD S  15 3
READER RUN- (20mA) R EE  27 4
CLK DISAB (TTL) N HH  29
SERIAL OUT- (20mA) L KK  31 2
+5V C TT  38 +5V
SERIAL OUT H (TTL) D SS  37 TX 2 TxD
READER RUN+ (20mA) F PP  35 6
SERIAL IN L (TTL)1,2 RR E  05 RX 3 RxD
20mA Interlock1 NN H  07
SERIAL IN+ (20mA) LL K  09 7
GND A VV  40 GND 5 GND
GND B UU  39
GND UU B  02
GND VV A  01

 1 "20mA Interlock" has to be connected to "SERIAL IN (TTL)" in the cable, if using the 20mA interface.
 2  Inverted, but labled "SER IN H" in the DEC schematics.